resim Sinop Üniversitesi


Bologna Declaration 1999

At 1998, The roots of Bologna Process is founded with Sorbonne declaration as a result of the meeting of France, Italy, Germany and England Education Ministers which is held in Sorbonne.  The idea of founding a common higher education area is first aroused with this declaration. But the Bologna Process, officially, at 1999 started when29 European countries in charge of higher education signed and published the declaration. The 6 of the basic aims of the Bologna Process is announced with this declaration. These aims are:

  • To present a clear, understandable and comparable diplomas and degrees (with this aim, developing the application of Diploma Supplement).
  • At higher education and Master Degree applying two progressive system.
  • To apply European Credit Transfer System (ECTS).
  •  To enable the mobility of the students and the teachers.
  •  At higher education to enable the quality guarantee system and to create the network.
  •  To develop European dimension in higher education.

Two years after the publication of the Bologna Process, with attendance of the 3 more countries including Turkey  (Turkey, Croatia and South Cyprus), 32 European countries Higher Education Ministers came together at 19 May 2001 at Prague in order to follow the Bologna Process and to determine the future of the Process.

Prague Declaration 2003

In Prague, 3 more aims are included to the Bologna Process:

  • To foster lifelong education,
  • To supply the active attendance of the students and the high education Institutes,
  • To make European Higher Education more attractive.

Berlin Declaration 2003

At 2003, Higher Education Ministries from 33 European countries had a meeting. At this meeting, they added 10th aim. The aim is creating a synergy between European Research Area and European Higher Education Area and Doctorate.  Moreover, to make the process faster and to detect the situations, 3 factors were decided.

  • At Higher Education (licence and higher licence ) 2 progressive degree structure,
  • The recognition of the High Education diplomas or degrees  and their process,
  • Quality guarantee.

At the conference hold in Berlin, 7 more countries (Albania, Bosnia - Herzegovina, Vatican Republic, Russia Federation, Serbia Montenegro, Macedonia and Andora)  were joined to the Bologna Process.  Thereby, in total 40 countries joined the process.

Bergen Declaration 2005

At 19 – 20 May 2005, at the 4th conference of European Education Ministry conference 5 countries were accepted to the membership.  In total there were 45 countries. At this conference, they decided on 4 aims:

  • To create a synergy between European High Education Area and European Research Area,
  • To strength the Social part of Bologna Process,
  • Mobility of the students and the teachers,
  • To make the European Higher Education Area more attractive and to create a collaboration with the countries outside the Europa.

At the meeting, it was decided to prepare an evaluation report (Stocktaking Report) in order to notice the improvements that was expected until 2007 and the applications of the 4 methods of the member countries. The methods are:

  • At other member countries the application of the “Quality Guarantee Standards and Application Principles” that is developed by Association of Quality Assurance (ENQA).
  • To apply National Qualification Outlines,
  • Common High Education programmes including doctorate programmes,
  • To create flexible education strategies.

Bologna Process is a reform process that aim to create European Higher Education Area until 2010. It is a peculiar process that is managed and sustained by 47 countries with the collaboration of international associations. The membership of the process is not ground on any accords between the governments.  The declarations that are published within the context of Bologna Process do not have legal binding arrangements. All the countries attend the process completely with their free will and those countries have the right to accept or not to accept the aims and objectives which are offered by the Bologna Process.

The citizens of the country that is in the European Higher Education Area which the Bologna Process aims to construct can easily move to Europa in order to get education or work there. Europe will become preferable by people from different countries both for education and for working facilitations.

For the recognition of diploma and degrees within higher education in European area, Lisbon Recognition Convention was composed by UNESCO and European Council on April 8-11, 1997. Lisbon Recognition Convention with the original title as "Convention on Recognition of Documents of Higher Education in European Area" is a document, a legal provision, determining practices related to recognition of degree and learning period gained from another country in European Area. Turkey signed the Convention on 01/12/2004 and came into force on 01/03/2007. After it was put into force, Regulation of Equivalence in our country was revised and thus a new "Regulation of Equivalence on Foreign Higher Education Diplomas" was prepared in order to remove discrepancies between the Convention and national legislation, and this new regulation was adapted to Lisbon Recognition Convention. This regulation entered into force following May 11, 2007. Having been revised in 2010, this regulation was published on Official Gazette dated 6/11/2010 and with no 27751.

NARIC (National Academic Recognition Information Centres in the European Union), an initiative of the European Commission and created in 1984, aims at improving academic recognition of diplomas and periods of study in the Member States of the European Union (EU) countries and the European Economic Area (EEA) countries and Turkey.

ENIC (European Network of Information Centres in the European Region) generally provides information on the recognition of foreign diploma, degrees and other qualifications; education systems in foreign countries; opportunities for studying abroad, including information on loans and scholarships, as well as advice on practical questions related to mobility and equivalence.

Turkish ENIC/NARIC Centre, has been carried under the Council of Higher Education (COHE) since 2003, and has been active as a part of ENIC/NARIC communication network. Turkish ENIC/NARIC Center, carried by CoHE European Union and International Relations Unit (newly called Multilateral Relations Unit) until 19/07/2010, started to be managed by the Multilateral Relations Unit and CoHE Equivalency Unit for the work within this context having shared the tasks belonging to each unit.

ENIC/NARIC Web page : It was created by joint contribution of European Commission, European Council and UNESCO'CEPES. It consists of information on related centres and national education systems. The main purpose is to support ENIC/NARIC communication network. Likewise, it is a web page that other related persons and institutions could easily receive information on issues such as international academic and professional mobility, recognition of foreign diplomas.

 For more information;

*Some of these information are concerted from higher education council and Nevşehir Haci Bektaş Veli University


adresAddress: Korucuk Köyü Trafo Mahallesi No:36 57000-SİNOP
telPhone: 0(368) 271 57 57
Copyright © | T.C. Sinop Üniversitesi | Tüm Hakları Saklıdır | 2015 |