resim Sinop Üniversitesi


Art and Culture

TURKEY

Turkey has been the homeland to numerous communities and civilizations from the beginning of the history of mankind and Anatolia has been the harbour of the magnificent Turkish culture for more hundreds of years. Being at the crossroads of Europe and Asia, Turkish culture has been evolving with the influence of all these civilizations. Anatolia has been the cradle of different civilizations throughout the history and the traces of these cultures are reflected through its cuisine and social life.

If you are curious about Turkish customs and traditions, folk dances, traditional and modern music, theatre and cinema, fine arts and literature, please visit official tourism portal of Turkey www.goturkey.com.

SİNOP

Sinop has been home to many very important civilizations in history, and it is a vibrant and modern city today. This cultural heritage constitutes the today's cultural mosaic Sinop.

Cultural Heritage

  • Sinop Fortress: Built in 7th century BC in order to protect the city, it was used after restorations during the rule of Romans, Byzantines, and Seljuk’s. Today, it stands as one of the historic symbols of the city. The city walls of Sinop surrender the narrowest part of the peninsula. The walls cover 880 meters northward, 400 southward, 500 eastward and 270 westward. In 2013, historic Sinop Fortress was listed in Unesco Temporary World Heritage List.
     
  • Balatlar Church: This building, believed to have been used as a theatre or bath in Roman times, was transformed into a church by the Byzantine Empire. In 2000, the church was nationalized by the Ministry of Culture and Tourism and was opened to visitors.

The abscissa of the church has been well preserved to our day. There are frescoes of Jesus, Mary and the Apostles. It is thought that the excavation project sponsored by the European Union will continue for fifteen years in Balatlar Church, which is one of the historic treasures of the city. In the excavations, family graves and Roman baths have been brought to light.

  • Alâeddin Keykubad Mosque: It was built right after Sinop was conquered, during the rule of the Seljuks. Sinop was conquered by Izzeddin Keykavus in 1214. This mosque was built by Alâeddin Keykubad, who succeedded after his father’s death and led Anatolian Seljuks to its heyday. Belonging to the Anatolian Seljuks era, the mosque is a complex which has Pervane Madrasa and inn on its north, a Turkish bath on its right and a tomb on its left. The recently renovated mosque, also known as the Grand Mosque, still preserves its spirituality and solemnity in the centre of the city. In the middle of its courtyard, there is a fountain, while there are tombs from the Isfendiyarogullari Beylik on another corner.
     
  • Parwana Madrasa: Meaning bird in Ersia, Parwana was chamberlain to the Seljuk Sultanate. This madrasa is in the opposite of Alaeddin Mosque’s North entrance. It was built in 1262 by Mu’in al-Din Sulaiman Parwana in order to commemorate the deliverance of the city.

The North-south positioned construction is planned rectangular. It is a good example of an open-courtyard madrasa. The entrance is completely made of marble and the portal is an embroidered gate. There is a room in both sides of the inner yard. There is an octagonal fountain in the centre of the courtyard. On the eastern and western sides of the yard, there are arched cloisters on three columns in extending north-south position and at the back of these, there are ten small rooms.

In each part of the rooms there is a fireplace and a big window facing the Street. The main yard, right across the main yard, was closed and turned into a room. From the tablets on it, it is understood that this change was made by Mutasarrıf (Governor) Faik Bey in 1889. On the left hand of the yard, there is a room which was probably used as a winter classroom and on the right, there are the graves of Pervaneoğulları’s last sovereign Gazi Chelebi and his daughter.

Originally, the construction is plain earth roof but later a tiled roof was made. Served as a museum between 1932 and 1970, the Madrasa today is a commodity of for culture and tourism facilities. Now, it has become a market place by the Governorship of Sinop with typical artworks and cuisine of the city.

  • Pasha Bastion: It was built during the Ottoman-Russian wars on the south-eastern part of the Sinop Peninsula for purposes of protection from the attacks coming from the sea, in the 19th century. The bastion, shaped like a crescent, is made of 11 cannon seats, an arsenal, and a cellar. Today, it is a touristic establishment with restaurants.
     
  • Old Sinop Prison – Old Sinop Shipyard: The area where the prison is located used to be the biggest shipyard in the Black Sea during Ottoman rule. The prison, which was built on the old shipyard in the inner chamber of the fortress, was started to be used as a prison in 1887. Today, the prison is used as a museum.
     
  • Dr. Riza Nur Public Library: The building was built by two Anatolian Greek brothers in 1902 and inherited to the state treasury during the 1923 Population Exchange between Greece and Turkey. Dr. Riza Nur bought this building and used it as a house for a while.

Also known as a deputy, minister and peace envoy, Dr. Riza Nur used a part of his house as a library. Dr. Riza Nur Public Library, with its 4296 books and necessary equipment, was opened on 9th October 1924 with the participation of government officers and citizens.

  • Diogenes of Sinope: “Stand a little less between me and the Sun” Diogenes of Sinope was one of the pioneers of the Cynic philosophy which dates back to the 5thcentury BC. Although it is still unknown whether he left written documents or not, he is remembered a lot thanks to his legendary sayings. Though he spent most of his lifetime in Athens, he went down in history as a person of Sinop. As he internalised Cynic philosophy, he spent his life in a barrel believing that he would be happier that way. He is not only defenced but presented by his way of living that as long as humans rely on the ideas of culture, money and status, they can never achieve simplicity. Through his life, he purified himself from luxury and the conditions it brought after. It has been told that he was a kind of person who led a poor life and did not sell knowledge against money despite the big amount of money he was offered by state.

*Most of these information are concerted from Lizart Agency Sinop Travel Guide and some of them are concerned from sinopale.org webpage



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